health inequity, inequity
Health inequities are avoidable inequalities in health between groups of people. Treatments can reduce or increase inequities if they are specifically targeted at disadvantaged populations, if there is a difference in their absolute effects in disadvantaged populations (due to a difference in baseline risk or adherence), or if there is a difference in their relative effects in disadvantaged populations (related to how the treatment works). Disadvantaged groups can include groups that are disadvantaged due to their economic status (e.g. poor people), employment or occupation (e.g. unemployed people), education, place of residence (e.g. people in rural areas), gender, ethnicity or lack of access to healthcare.
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